Our History

The legend of GlooscapThe name Glooscap comes from the legends, traditional stories and myths of the Mi’kmaw people. Glooscap was the first person, created when a bolt of lightening struck the sand near Cape Blomidon in the Annapolis Valley. Mi’kmaw legends vary from area to area but it is generally known that the Mi’kmaq people came from seven sparks from Glooscap’s sacred fire. These seven sparks created the seven areas of Mi’kma’ki (the areas that is now referred to as Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, the Gaspe Pennisula of Quebec.) and the people who lived in these districts. These districts are known as:

• Kespukwitk
• Sikepne'katik
• Eski'kewaq
• Unama'kik
• Piktuk aqq Epekwitk
• Sikniktewaq
• Kespe'kewaq

Glooscap First Nation lays between Kespukwitk (Last Flow) and Sikepne’katik (Wild Potato Area)

After his many adventures including a disagreement with his friend the whale which led her to flap her tail on the Bay of Fundy causing the waters to rise so high, Glooscap is said to have rested. He lays asleep in what is now called Cape Blomidon. Some legends tell that if the Mi’kmaq people ever need him again he will rise again to save them.

Modern Community
Glooscap First Nation was created in the early 1980’s when Rita Smith, our first Chief, requested that the area around her home in Bishopville, Nova Scotia be considered reserve land. She worked with a few local Mi’kmaq families to petition the federal government to establish the community. The land is predominantly forest with a few homes, a variety store, the Band Hall, Health Centre, Maintenance Shed, and Youth Centre. Glooscap First Nation has 344 members with fewer that 75 living on the reserve.